Generic Name: Dexmethylphenidate
Brand Names: Focalin XR, Attenade, and generic versions available
What is Focalin XR?
Dexmethylphenidate is a medication that is FDA approved for the treatment of ADHD in both adults and children. Its effects last about six hours, but in the XR (extended release) version, its effects last for about 12 hours after taking it.
How does Focalin XR work?
Like a lot of medications for adults attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Dexmethylphenidate is a stimulant.
Dexmethylphenidate increases the amount of dopamine, which can create a sense of euphoria.
How do I take Focalin XR?
Focalin XR comes in 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, and 40 mg capsules. Physicians usually start dosage at the 5 gm per day level and then adjust the dosage upward by 5 mg increments, depending on the patient’s initial reaction to the medication.
Is Focalin XR effective for Adult ADHD?
Many studies have shown that Focalin is successful in treating the symptoms of ADHD in both adults and children. Many patients have reported that Focalin is stronger and works better for them than Adderall or Ritalin.
Focalin XR Minor Side Effects
Dexmethylphenidate causes many of the same minor side effects that all stimulants used for adult ADHD do. However, most of the time these minor side effects go away after a few weeks of treatment. Minor side effects include:
· Upset Stomach
· Sleep difficulties
· Diarrhea or Constipation
· Irritability and Restlessness
· Loss of appetite
· Mouth dryness
· Weight loss
Focalin XR Precautions
Addiction and Abuse
Dexmethylphenidate can cause an euphoric feeling in some people when taken, and there is often also increased tolerance for the medication over time. The results of this are a strong potentila for addiction to, and abuse of, Focalin XR. As a result, the medication is a Schedule II controlled drug in the United States.
Don’t take Focalin XR if you have a history of heart health issues such as high blood pressure, angina, or heart attacks.
Don’t take Focalin XR at the same time as any MAO inhibitors.
Focalin XR Withdrawal
Dexmethylphenidate is highly addictive and can cause strong withdrawal symptoms when dosage is ended. Common withdrawal symptoms include migraines, exhaustion, and hunger.